For students with ADHD, a common issue is that teachers grow weary of redirecting and prompting student behavior. Therefore, self-management and monitoring can be a valuable intervention for students with ADHD, though many other students may also benefit from this type of intervention.
Self-management ensures that students take responsibility for their own behavior and record their own success.
The simplified steps of this intervention are as follows:
- Establish a prompting method (e.g. timer, MotivAIDER – http://habitchange.com/, verbal prompt)
- Create a method for self-assessment (e.g. behavior interval recording form)
- Clearly define target behaviors (e.g. speaking aloud without raising hand)
- Explain self-monitoring procedures (prompts and assessment form)
- Instruct student to begin self-management during target period
This intervention can be combined with goals, reinforcement (verbal, physical reward, etc.), and/or self-charting.
One important tip is that the target behaviors must be clear to the student. Defining these behaviors in the student’s own words, and providing explicit examples and non-examples may be valuable.
A full brief of this intervention is available at the Missouri EBI Network: http://ebi.missouri.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Self-Managememt-Brief1.pdf