DadeSchools created a quick list of accommodations that may be useful for a student who has recently suffered a Traumatic Brain Injury. These accommodations can be incorporated into the classroom temporarily following a TBI, or added to a 504 Plan or IEP, depending on the severity of the injury and its impact on the student’s educational functioning.
- minimize extraneous auditory and visual stimulation (use study carrels or room dividers)
- provide preferential seating
- arrange seating to allow for more space between students
- provide small group instruction
- structure student’s activities and schedule to limit number of changes and reduce unstructured time
- limit number of persons that the student deals with each day
- provide the student with a written schedule and keep the schedule as consistent as possible
- provide area to keep supplies, books, etc., away from student’s work area
- select a classroom buddy
- gain the student’s attention before speaking
- break complex tasks down into component parts and complete each part before trying to combine the components
- provide frequent repetition of important tasks
- utilize the child’s best sensory modality
- question student to be sure the information was received and interpreted clearly and provide feedback as necessary
- provide cueing systems in the form of assignment books, placing task cues on student’s desk, etc.
- provide verbal and written instruction
- shorten assignments and/or divide assignments into parts
- structure thinking processes graphically through outlines, graphs, flow charts and models
- develop a system for maintaining organization
- facilitate note taking by providing outlines with major headings
- give short frequent quizzes, rather than all inclusive exams
- accompany homework with written instructions
- initiate a behavior modification program for academic and/or interpersonal behavior skills encouraging student to chart his or her progress.
via http://ese.dadeschools.net/tbi/2classroom.html, which was accessed from the National Association of Special Education Teachers website on TBI (https://www.naset.org/traumaticbraininj2.0.html), which may also be valuable for finding other resources and interventions for TBI.